Texas v. 2004 Lincoln Navigator

The Code of Criminal Procedure does not preclude the State from initiating a civil-forfeiture proceeding based on an illegal search. The exclusionary rule in CCP Article 38.23 does not apply to asset forfeiture proceedings under Chapter 59. The state is not required to prove lawful seizure as a prerequisite to a forfeiture proceeding; it is only required to show that the evidence is contraband subject to forfeiture. Read.